What does a single “STAT” dosage mean in a physician’s …

  • Common Medical Abbreviations *

    >> Pt = Patient

    >> K/c/o = known case of

    >> C/o = grievance of

    >> ∆ *= medical diagnosis

    > > Rx = Treatment

    > > Hx = History

    > > Dx = Medical Diagnosis

    > > q = Every

    > > qd = Every day

    > > qod = Every other day

    > > qh = Every Hour

    > > S = without

    > > SS = One & & half

    > > C = With

    > > SOS = If required

    > > AC = Before Meals

    > > PC = After meals

    > > BID = Two Times a Day

    > > TID = Thrice a Day

    > > QID = Four times a day

    > > OD = Once a Day

    > > BT = Bed Time

    > > hs = Bed Time

    > > BBF = Prior To Breakfast

    > > BD = Before Supper

    > > Tw = Twice a week

    > > SQ = sub cutaneous

    > > IM = Intramuscular

    > > ID = Intradermal

    > > IV = Intravenous

    > > Q4H = (every 4 hours)

    > > QOD = (every other day)

    > > HS = (at bedtime)

    > > PRN = (as required)

    > > PO or “per os” (by mouth)

    > > Mg = (milligrams)

    > > Mcg/ug = (micrograms)

    > > G or Gm = (grams)

    > > 1TSP (Teaspoon) = 5 ml

    > > 1 Tablespoonful =-LRB- ml

    ~ DDx =differential Diagnosis

    Tx =Treatment

    RTx =Radiotherapy

    CTx =Chemotherapy

    R/O =dismiss

    s.p =status post

    PMH( x) =post medical history

    Px =Diagnosis

    Ix =Indicator

    CIx =contraindication

    Bx =biopsy

    Cx =problem …

    Knowledge About Blood *

    1. Which is known as ‘River of Life’?

    Response: Blood *

    2. Blood circulation was discovered by?

    Answer: William Harvey *

    3. The total blood volume in a grownup?

    Response: 5-6 Litres *

    4. The pH value of Human blood?

    Response: 7.35 -7.45 *

    5. The typical blood cholesterol level?

    Answer: 150-250 mg/100 ml *

    6. The fluid part of blood?

    Answer: Plasma *

    7. Plasma protein fibrinogen has an active function in?

    Answer: Clotting of blood *

    8. Plasma protein globulins functions as?

    Response: Antibodies *

    9. Plasma proteins preserve the blood pH?

    Answer: Albumins *

    10 Biconcave discs formed blood cell?

    Response: RBC (Erythrocytes)

    *11 Non nucleated blood cell? *

    Answer: RBC (Erythrocytes)

    12 Breathing pigments present in RBC?

    Answer: Haemoglobin *

    13 Red pigment present in RBC?

    Response: Haemoglobin *

    14 RBC produced in the?

    Response: Bone marrow *

    15 Iron consisting of pigment of Haemoglobin?

    Answer: Haem *

    16 Protein consisting of pigment of Haemoglobin?

    Response: Globin *

    17 Graveyard of RBC?

    Answer: Spleen *

    18 Blood bank in the body?

    Answer: Spleen *

    19 Life span of RBC?

    Answer: 120 Days *

    20 Total count is determined by an instrument known as?

    Response: Haemocytometer *

    21 A decrease in RBC count is called?

    Response: Anemia *

    22 A boost in RBC count is known as?

    Answer: Polycythemia *

    23 A high concentration of bilirubin in the blood triggers?

    Response: Jaundice *

    24 The illness resistant blood cell?

    Answer: WBC (leucocytes) *

    25 Which WBC is referred to as soldiers of the body?

    Answer: Neutrophils *

    26 Largest WBC?

    Answer: Monocyes *

    27 Smallest WBC?

    Answer: Lymphocytes *

    28 Antibodies producing WBC?

    Answer: Lymphocytes *

    29 Life expectancy of WBC?

    Answer: 10-15 days *

    30 Blood cell carries out an important function in blood clotting?

    Response: Thrombocytes (Platelets) *

    31 Vessels is called?

    Response: Thrombus *

    32 Anticoagulant present in Blood?

    Response: Heparin *

    33 A hereditary bleeding illness?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    34 Bleeder’s illness?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    35 Christmas disease?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    36 A kind of Anemia with sickle shaped RBC?

    Answer: Sickle cell anemia *

    37 Viscosity of Blood?

    Response: 4.5 to 5.5 *

    38 Instrument utilized to measure haemoglobin?

    Response: Haemoglobinometer *

    39 Who showed blood groups?

    Answer: Karl Landsteiner *

    40 Who demonstrated Rh element?

    Answer: Karl Landsteiner *

    41 Blood group which is called Universal donor?

    Response: O *

    42 Blood group which is called Universal recipient?

    Answer: AB *

    43 Blood group is most typical among the Asians?

    Response: B *

    MEDICAL TERMS *

    Everyone must know the basic functioning of Human Body and its main parts in order to reveal and discuss their condition to the Doctor and at the very same time one must be able to comprehend the medical diagnosis expressed by the Medical professional in the medical terminology. For easy recognition of the Compounded Words used in the Medical Terms for naming the disease, Suffixes are contributed to Prefixes. For this hereunder providing you a couple of such prefixes for your all set recommendation and understanding.

    Prefix – Meaning

    1. Adeno – Glandular

    2. An – Not

    3. Anti – Versus

    4. Aorto – Aorta

    5. Artho – joint

    6. Bleph – Eyelid

    7. Broncho – Bronchi

    8. Cardio – Heart

    9. Cephal – Head

    *10 Cerebro – Brain

    *11 Cervico – Cervix

    *12 Cholecysto – Gall Bladder

    *13 Coli – Bowel

    *14 Colpo – Vaginal Area

    *15 Entero – Intestinal Tract

    *16 Gastro – Stomach

    *17 Glosso – Tongue

    *18 Haema – Blood

    *19 Hepa – Liver

    *20 Hystero – Uterus

    *21 Laryngo – Throat

    *22 Leuco – White

    *23 Metro – Uterus

    *24 Myelo – Spine

    *25 Myo – Muscle

    *26 Nephro – Kidney

    *27 Neuro – Nerve

    *28 Odonto – Tooth

    *29 Orchido – Testis

    *30 Osteo – Bone

    *31 Oto – Ear

    *32 Pharyngo – Vocal Cords

    *33 Pio – Pus

    *34 Pneumo – Lung

    *35 Ren – Kidney

    *36 Rhin – Nose

    *37 Spleno – Spleen

    *38 Thyro – Thyroid Gland

    *39 Urethro – Urethra

    *40 Vesico *– Bladder

    Here are the suffixes used in Medical terms. Check out!Suffix – Implying *

    1. -aemia *: Blood

    2. -algia *: Pain

    3. -derm *: skin

    4. -dynia *: pain

    5. -ectomy *: removal

    6. -Itis *: inflammation

    7. -lithiasis *: Existence of Stone

    8. -malacia *: softening

    9. -oma *: tumour

    *10 -opia *: eye

    *11 -osis *: Condition, excess

    *12 -otomy *: cut of

    *13 -fear *: fear

    *14 -plasty *: surgery

    *15 -plegia *: peralysis

    *16 -ptosis *: falling

    *17 -rhoea *: excessive discharge

    *18 -rhage *: to break forth

    *19 -rhythmia *: rhythm.

    *20 -tension *: stoppage of movement

    *21 -sthenia *: weak point

    *22 -stomy *: outlet

    *23 -tomy *: removal

    *24 -prize *: nutrition

    *25 -uria *: urine

    Compounded Words – Indicating *

    1. Anaemia – Deficiency of haemoglobin in the blood

    2. Analgesic – Medication which alleviates discomfort

    3. Arthralgia – Pain in a joint

    4. Cephalalgia – Headache

    5. Nephralgia – Discomfort in the kidney

    6. Neuralgia – Nerve discomfort

    7. Myalgia – Muscle discomfort

    8. Otalgia – Ear ache

    9. Gastralgia – Discomfort in the stomach

    *10 Pyoderma – Skin infection with pus development

    *11 Leucoderma – Malfunctioning skin pigmentaion

    *12 Hysterodynia – Pain in the uterus

    *13 Hysterectomy – Excision of the uterus

    *14 Nephrectomy – Excision of a kidney

    *15 Adenectomy – Excision of a gland

    *16 Cholecystectomy – Excision of gall bladder

    *17 Thyroidectomy – Excision of thyroid gland

    *18 Arthritis – Swelling of a joint

    *19 Bronchitis – Swelling of the bronchi

    *20 Carditis – Swelling of the heart

    *21 Cervicitis – Inflammation of the cervix

    *22 Colitis – Inflammation of the colon

    *23 Colpitis – Inflammation of the vaginal area

    *24 Cystitis – Inflammation of the urinary bladder

    *25 Enteritis – Inflammation of the intestines

    *26 Gastritis – Inflammation of the stomach

    *27 Glossitis – Swelling of the tongue

    *28 Hepatitis – Swelling of the liver

    *29 Laryngitis – Inflammation of the larynx

    *30 Metritis – Swelling of the uterus

    *31 Myelitis – Swelling of the spinal cord

    *32 Nephritis – Swelling of the kidney

    *33 Pharyngitis – Inflammation of the vocal cords

    *34 Blepharitis – Swelling of the eyelids

    *35 Cholelithiasis – Stone in the gall bladder

    *36 Nephrolithiasis – Stone in the kidney

    *37 Osteomalacia – Softening of bones through shortage of calcium or D vitamin

    *38 Adenoma -Benign tumour of glandular tissue

    *39 Myoma – Tumour of muscle

    *40 Diplopia – Double vision

    *41 Apoplexy – Formation of a blood clot

    *42 Pyloromyotomy – Incision of pyloric sphincter muscle

    *43 Hedrophobia – Fear of water( Rabies in people)

    *44 Neuroplasty – Surgical repair of nerves

    *45 Pyloraplasty – Cut of plastic pylorus to expand passage

    *46 Hemiplegia – Paralysis of one side of the body

    *47 Nephroptosis – Downward displacement of the kidney

    *48 Amenorrhoea – Absence of menstrual discharge

    *49 Dysmenorrhoea – Uncomfortable menstruation

    *50 Leucorrhoea – Whitish vaginal discharge

    *51 Menorrhoea – Menstrual bleeding

    *52 Haemorrhage – Escape of blood from a vessel

    *53 Arrhythmia – Any discrepancy of normal rhythm of heart

    *54 Cholestasis – Diminution in the circulation of bile

    *55 Haemostatis – Arrest of bleeding

    *56 Neurasthenia – Anxious debility

    *57 Cystostomy – Surgical opening made into the bladder

    *58 Cystotomy – Cut into the urinary bladder

    *59 Hypertrophy – Increase in the size of tissues

    *60 Haematuria – Blood in the urine

    *61 Glycosuria – Presence of sugar in the urine

    *62 Albuminuria – Existence of albumin in the urine

    P.S = Finally I found the lost note of 1st year ward rotations!

    Thank you!

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